Sebastián J. Lipina (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1968). Ph.D. in Psychology. Diploma in Social Sciences (Latin American School of Social Sciences, FLACSO). Researcher of the National Council of Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET, Argentina). Director of the Unit of Applied Neurobiology (UNA, CEMIC-CONICET) Full Professor of the Seminar Childhood Poverty and Cognitive Development (National University of San Martin, UNSAM, Argentina). Fellow of the Center for Neuroscience and Society (CNS, University of Pennsylvania, USA). Co-director of the Mind, Brain, and Education School (Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture, Italy). Member of the IRB of CEMIC. Volunteer Researcher of the On-call Scientists Program (American Association for the Advancement of Science, USA). Associate Editor of Frontiers in Psychology. Consultant of the Panamerican Health Organization, UNICEF, UNDP and several Ministries of Health, Education and Social Development in different Latin American countries. The current research projects under his direction focus on (a) the analysis of poverty influences on self-regulation development, (b) the design of interventions aimed at optimizing children´s cognitive performance through exercising and training in laboratory, school and community settings, and (c) the transfer of evidence-based interventions to policy.